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Prophylaxis & Dental Hygiene

Prophylaxis means prevention of disease.

We have a modern approach to dental health care and therefore give highest priority to disease prevention. Preventive (prophylactic) treatment on a regular basis is essential for long-lasting dental health. The lifelong retention of your natural teeth is possible only with professional support and help. Our internationally trained team of dental hygienists offer each patient an individual approach to the dental hygiene treatment itself and to the accompanying advice and consultation.

Is prophylaxis at a dental office necessary?
Tooth and gum diseases are much more common than many people think and they have a considerable influence on our wellbeing. Caries, the notorious cavity in the tooth, and periodontitis, a disease of the tissue surrounding the teeth (periodontium), are infections caused by bacteria that breed in dental plaque. These two diseases are among the most common infectious diseases in the world, with an incidence within the total human population of 98% and 80% respectively.

In its early stages, periodontitis can be treated very effectively with dental hygiene. The soft dental plaque starts to undergo mineralisation through minerals contained in the saliva at puberty. This is how calculus or tartar – hardened dental plaque – forms. Tartar is an irritating foreign matter and leads first to a reversible gum inflammation. If it is not removed, the inflammation spreads to the surrounding periodontium and develops into periodontitis. This leads inevitably to the loss of the alveolar bone that supports the teeth. Such bone loss is permanent and in an advanced stage can lead to loosening and subsequent loss of otherwise healthy teeth. To prevent this development it is very important that tartar is fully removed during regular dental hygiene treatment.

Our dental hygienists offer an individual prevention programme carried out in close cooperation with the patient. This ensures lasting prevention of caries and periodontitis and gives you healthy and beautiful teeth all your life.
What happens during a dental hygiene session?
The beginning of each dental hygiene session is reserved for assessment of the current status and detailed discussion of the same with the patient. The focus is on possible improvement of personal dental hygiene at home.

Mechanical removal of dental plaque and tartar follows. This involves the cleaning of all tooth surfaces and existing gum pockets with ultrasonic equipment and hand instruments.

Superficial stains caused by external factors (coffee, tea, smoking, etc.) are removed with a special air-polishing device.

The high-polishing which follows supports your dental hygiene at home because it is much more difficult for bacterial plaque to adhere to the resulting smooth surface.

The final part of a dental hygiene session is the application of fluorine paste to the tooth enamel, which gives it additional strength and resistance to disease.

The session ends with individually determined cleaning instructions and information on supporting measures and/or medication to be applied at home.
Who should have dental hygiene?
The formation of tartar starts at puberty. The extent of the formation needs to be determined for each patient individually. As a rule, regular dental hygiene treatment is recommended for all patients over the age of 16.
How often should dental hygiene treatment be performed?
The general recommendation is every six months. Depending on the health status of each patient, this interval can be longer or shorter.
Is dental hygiene painful?
Dental hygiene treatment is not painful as a rule. A local anaesthetic spray can be applied in the event of higher sensitivity.

 

Prophylaxis tips for home use

  • Your toothbrush should have a short base and rounded bristles
  • Change your toothbrush every two to three months
  • Achten Sie auf gesunde und “kauaktive” Nahrung z.B. Vollkornbrot, Rohkost….
  • Dental floss and/or interdental brushes help clean inaccessible places
  • Ensure that your diet has “high chewing factor” foods such as wholegrain bread and fresh vegetables. Avoid food with high sugar content, especially snacks and soft drinks
  • Use sugar-free chewing gum after meals, especially after eating food with high sugar content
  • Have your molars sealed and your tooth enamel hardened with fluorine at our office
  • Have a check-up every six months and take part in our long-term prophylaxis programme